Relationship Types and Contraceptive Use Within Younger Adult Dating Relationships

Relationship Types and Contraceptive Use Within Younger Adult Dating Relationships

Jennifer Manlove is system area director and research that is senior, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Kate Welti is research scientist, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Elizabeth Wildsmith is senior research scientist, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Megan Barry is research analyst, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Jennifer Manlove is program area manager and senior research scientist, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Kate Welti is research scientist, all at Child Trends, Bethesda, MD

Elizabeth Wildsmith is senior research scientist, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Megan Barry is research analyst, all at Child styles, Bethesda, MD

Abstract

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CONTEXT

Although expanding studies have discovered that relationship faculties can shape contraceptive usage among teenagers, limited research has examined exactly how relationship faculties intersect to make distinct forms of relationships and how relationship kinds are associated with use that is contraceptive.

PRACTICES

Information from the 2002–2005 rounds of this nationwide Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort had been utilized to look at contraceptive use within 3,485 young adult dating relationships. Latent class analysis had been used to develop a typology of relationships making use of measures of relationship framework (length) and quality (closeness, conflict and commitment). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were utilized to estimate associations between relationship type and contraceptive use and technique option at final intercourse.

OUTCOMES

Four kinds of relationships had been identified, two smaller term and two long term, differentiated by quantities of closeness, conflict and commitment. Teenagers in long run relationships with greater conflict and reduced closeness and dedication had been not as likely than those in other long-term relationships to make use of hormone and twin techniques versus no method (general danger ratios, 0.6–0.7). Hormonal method use, versus no technique usage or condom usage, had been more frequent in short-term relationships with greater intimacy and commitment and reduced conflict compared to other short-term relationships (1.7 and 1.9, correspondingly).

CONCLUSIONS

Classifying relationships that are short-term “casual” or long-term people as “serious” may ignore heterogeneity within these groups that could have implications for contraceptive usage. Future qualitative research could provide a significantly better comprehension of relationship kinds and couples’ fertility intentions and use of and use of contraceptives.

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